What is the term Aperture referring too?
Simply put, aperture is the size of the opening in the lens. Think of the lens as a window—large windows or wide angles let in more light, while small windows let in less light. A wide open aperture will let more light into the image for a brighter photo, while a smaller aperture lets in less light. Aperture is measured in f-stops; a small f-stop like f/1.8 is a wide opening, a large f-stop like f/22 is a very narrow one. Aperture is one of three camera settings that determine an image’s exposure, or how light or dark it is. Aperture also affects how much of the image is in focus—wide apertures result in that creamy, unfocused background while narrow apertures keep more of the image sharp.
What Aperture to use for a portrait?
When you’re shooting a single portrait, generally you will want to use f2.8 or f4 aperture settings. As this will give you a Shallow Depth of Field, which is very desirable in a portrait.
Which is the best lens to use for a portrait?
Your best lens will be at least a 70mm focal length lens or longer. As this will help flatten the perspective, giving a more pleasing look to your image. Note: Fashion photographers use at least 300mm lenses.
What is Focal Length all about?
The focal length of a lens describes the distance in millimeters between the lens and the image it forms on the sensor. It informs the angle of view (how much of what is being shot will be captured) and the magnification (how large things will appear). Essentially, the focal length is how ‘zoomed in’ your images will appear. Use Wide for landscape, or perhaps Telephoto for sports or wildlife photography.
What background to use?
Most portraits will benefit from simple, consistent backgrounds. For example: Tree foliage, plain walls, sometimes coloured or patterned walls can work as a feature.
Where to position your portrait?
Always try to keep your portrait well away from the background, two to three meters at least. This keeps the background out of focus, which is less distracting to the portrait.
What is the best time to take a portrait?
Generally speaking the best light will be either from an overcast day, or better still, in the golden hour. The golden hour occurs 1 hour before and after Sunset and Sunrise.